Leonardo Sciascia was born in Racalmuto, in the province of Agrigento in 1921. In Caltanissetta he attended the master's institute and Vitalino Brancati was his teacher. He approached anti-fascism and read many North American authors. In 1943 he worked as an employee in the offices for the mandatory storage of wheat, an activity that led Leonardo Sciascia to meet the reality of the peasant world. Subsequently he taught without too much enthusiasm at the primary school of Racalmuto. During his elementary school work, Sciascia approached writing and in 1950 he wrote "Favole della dictatura" and in 1952 La Sicilia, his heart, and collaborated with various newspapers such as "La Stampa" and "L’Espresso". In 1957 he dropped out of teaching to devote himself full time as a writer. He wrote numerous works including "Gli zii di sicilia" and his most famous novel: "il giorno della civetta", in which he denounced the so called mafia in Sicily. In the seventies he also dedicated himself to political life, both as a city councilor in Palermo, a position he held briefly, both as a deputy in the national parliament.